Eye Disorder Index

Moore Eye Institute

Following is a brief overview of several common eye disorders. Consult your physician if you believe you may be affected by any of these conditions or request more information.

Age-Related Macular Degeneration is the deterioration of the eye’s macula, a light sensitive area of the retina.

Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)

Amblyopia or “Lazy Eye” is the reduction or dimming of vision in an eye that appears normal.

Astigmatism

Astigmatism is an irregularly shaped cornea, or lens curvature. Astigmatism often accompanies other refractive errors and causes images to look blurry or shadowed. It can be treated through LASIK, glasses, contacts and other methods.

Blepharitis

Blepharitis is an inflammatory condition of the eyelids, which causes dandruff-like scales and particles to form along the eyelids and lashes.

Chalazion

Chalazion is a small bump on the upper or lower eyelid caused by an inflamed gland that produces the oil in tears.

Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)

Conjunctivitis or “Pink Eye” is an inflammation of blood vessels on the outer most layer of the eye and is caused by bacteria or viruses. It is very contagious!

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic Retinopathy is the most common diabetic eye disease. It is caused by damaged blood vessels in the retina.

Dry Eye

Dry Eye occurs when there is not enough moisture in the eyes. Eyes feel dry, hot, sandy, gritty, and appear irritated.

Floaters

Floaters appear as spots, dots, or lines in vision. They are usually caused by bits of debris in the gel in the back of the eye.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness in the United States. It is caused when the optic nerve is damaged due to excessive fluid and pressure buildup in the eye.

Hyperopia (Farsightedness)

Hyperopia (farsightedness) is when a person cannot see objects that are close. It is a refractive disorder caused by the shape of the eye. It results in blurred images and can be corrected with LASIK, glasses, contacts and other methods.

Iritis

Iritis is an inflammation of the iris, the eye’s circular, colored membrane around the pupil. Iritis usually develops quickly and affects only one eye.

Low Vision

Low Vision is a term used to describe visual impairment that cannot be corrected by ordinary treatment methods. For patients with low vision, sight cannot be restored by prescription eyeglasses, contact lenses, medicine, or surgery.

Myopia (Nearsightedness)

Myopia (nearsightedness) is when a person cannot see objects in the distance. It is a refractive disorder caused by the shape of one’s eye blurring images. It can be corrected with LASIK, glasses or other methods.

Presbyopia

Presbyopia is the eye’s natural loss of focus on close objects. It is typically associated with aging and occurs in most people.

Retinal Detachment

Retinal Detachment is the separation of the retina from the back of the eye. A retinal detachment is considered a medical emergency, and without swift treatment, can cause vision loss and blindness.

Retinitis Pigmentosa

Retinitis Pigmentosa refers to a group of hereditary eye disorders, all which involve the retina and gradual loss of visual ability.

Strabismus

Strabismus is misaligned or crossed eyes. Strabismus may affect depth perception as the eye’s extrinsic muscles lack the coordination to bring the eyes together to focus on the same point.

Stye

Stye is a noncontagious, small red bump either on the eyelid or edge of the eyelid cause by a bacterial infection.

Uveitis

Uveitis is the swelling or inflammation of the uvea, the middle part of the eye. Symptoms of uveitis include: redness, blurred vision, light sensitivity, floaters, headaches and eye pain.

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